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There are several different types of external parasites that dogs and cats can come into contact with on a routine basis. To learn more about these parasites click on the links below.
Cuterebra are the larvae of the Bot fly. Adult Bot flies are large and bee like and do not bite or feed on a host animal. The female fly leaves eggs around the openings of animals nests/burrows and where animals frequent.
Demodex canis and Demodex cati, known as demodex mites, are microscopic external parasites of both dogs and cats that live either on the animals skin or inside their hair follicles. While demodex mites can affect both dogs and cats, dogs are more commonly affected.
Ear mites, also known as Otodectes cynotis, are a common external parasite found in both cats and dogs although cats are more susceptible than dogs. Feral cats that do not normally receive veterinary care have a very high incidence.
Fleas and Ticks
Fleas and ticks are capable of carrying and transmitting some very serious diseases. Fortunately they can be easily prevented with specific oral and topical medications.
Lice are a species-specific ectoparasite, meaning that they cannot survive on a host other than the one they are meant to be on. There are two types of lice that can infest dogs, Trichodectes canis which is the canine chewing louse and Linognathus setosus which is the canine sucking louse.
Sarcoptes scabiei is a common skin mite of dogs. This infestation causes a skin disease known as sarcoptic mange or scabies. The sarcoptic mite is not an insect but is more closely related to spiders. Sarcoptes mites cannot be seen with the naked eye.